24 Jul

Common website hosting terminology, Part 2

We hope you were able to learn a few common terms used in e-commerce website hosting through our first feature article on hosting terminologies. This is the second part of our list of definitions that should help you in setting up your e-commerce website, troubleshooting any errors along the way, or customizing the layout and backend programming of your site.

This week, we go from F to I.

File Extension is a suffix that defines the file type that a particular document belongs to. File extensions are separated from the primary or base filename by a dot. Examples include .exe, .txt, and .png.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a type of network protocol designed for the purpose of transferring data between hosts across a network. Through FTP, local files may be uploaded to the web server, and server files may be downloaded to the local hard drive.

Firewall is a network security tool that restricts network traffic in accordance with pre-defined rules. Most computer operating systems nowadays are equipped with firewall software for protection against malicious access via the Internet.

FTP Client is an application that sends and receives data from a server through the use of file transfer protocol (FTP). Common FTP clients are either desktop applications or online web forms. Popular clients include Filezilla, net2ftp, and cURL.

FTP server is a server that hosts files accessible through FTP via a client. A web server may be configured to store and share files that can be downloaded by users using an FTP client.

Home Page, as its name implies, is the first page that loads from a website. In most cases, a website’s homepage has a filename index.html or any of its variations (index.htm or index.php).

Hosting Provider, or Web hosting provider, is a company that offers virtual space on its servers for storage of files that may be accessed or downloaded using Web browsers. Also called Web hosting service providers, these companies provide a venue for any entity to put up websites that are available for viewing on the World Wide Web.

HTML or HyperText Markup Language is the basic language used in creating web pages. It appears as codes in the form of several elements such as tags, which are defined by opening and closing brackets.

HyperText may be described as text that links to other content on the same document. Hypertext can connect different content using links (or hyperlinks).

IP Address or Internet protocol address is a numerical description that identifies a particular device in a network using Internet protocol. It is similar to a set of numerical coordinates on a particular spot on Earth, only in this case the IP address identifies a network device.

ISP or Internet Service Provider is a company that provides internet service to homes and businesses, usually for a fee.

Next week will be our third and final installment of common web hosting terminology.

[Photo courtesy of John Keogh on Flickr]
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